Rosa ‘Henry Kelsey’ Explorer™ (Henry Kelsey™ Rose)Strong Dollar Benefits Canadian CustomersPicea pungens glauca (Colorado Blue Spruce)

It’s no news to Canadians that the dollar is strong and the exchange rate with the U.S. dollar benefits those purchasing U.S. goods. Lawyer Nursery thanks the customers who stayed with us during the times when the exchange rate made buying from the U.S. a somewhat painful experience. With the exchange rate hitting a thirty-year high, now is the time to reap the rewards of your strong dollar. (note: prices are listed in U.S. dollars).

Cold hardy, northern grown plants have been the basis of Lawyer Nursery production since the nursery started in 1959. We must admit that northern grown does refer to the northern United States. Even so, the plant material that we can provide generally is the more hardy species or the more hardy varieties or seed sources.

Provenance plays a key roll in plant hardiness. Many species with large ranges vary greatly in their adaptability to cold conditions. Our field grown stock that is produced at our Plains, Montana nursery has undergone further cold climate testing and acclimation during production.This is particularly appreciated by customers from the prairie provinces. Our Colorado Blue Spruce (Picea pungens glauca) has been extremely well adapted to Alberta weather. Many native plants such as American Cranberry Bush (Viburnum trilobum) hardy Oaks (Quercus sp.) and Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea) are grown in the fields in Plains. Tough ornamentals such as common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris), hardy shrub Roses, ‘Canada Red’ Chokecherry and many others have proven records of hardiness from our fields.

Prunus Royal Ann (Royal Ann Cherry)Of course much of southern Canada is warmer than northern Montana, but we can provide stock for milder climates from our Washington Nurseries. The Connell nursery is located in interior Washington State and has a milder dry climate. Viburnum trilobum (American Cranberry Bush)The area is exceptional for fruit production and many nursery species. Many fruits trees, rootstocks, and fruit shrubs are available for import into Canada. Note the CVI designation that indicates that the stock has been tested and approved.

The Olympia, Washington nursery has a climate similar to southern coastal British Columbia. It provides an excellent site for growing many conifers, ornamental trees and shrubs, and plants that thrive in a more humid climate. Mild winters allow us to keep these conifers in the ground longer, and still ship in late winter and early spring. The majority of our ornamental shrub varieties and many of the deciduous trees are grown at this site. This is also the location of our greenhouse facilities that provide plugs of a variety of species. Zone Map. Canada Plant Hardiness Map

Shipping Nursery Stock to Canada

Nursery stock shipping to Canada is shipped by either truck, air in most cases. Shipping charges vary depending on where you are located in Canada. When placing your order the sales person will estimate your shipping charges, subject to change. Some, not all, species of plants require an import permit. If you have ordered a species that CFIA requires you to have an import permit before importing it is your responsibility to obtain one. You can log on to the CFIA website, cfia-acia.agr.ca and download the import permit application form and instructions, complete the form and fax it along with your payment information to CFIA. New import permits cost $35.00, amendments to existing import permits cost $10.00.

As a courtesy, Lawyer Nursery will complete the import permit application for you and mail it to you so that you can sign it and complete the payment information. You will then have to forward it to CFIA yourself. Please note the process of having Lawyer Nursery complete your application and for you to receive it in the mail will take approximately 3 weeks. Once you have received your import permit from CFIA please fax us a copy so we can process your order. Our inspector needs to read all pages of the import permit so make sure all pages are faxed to us. All import permits must be in English, our inspectors cannot read French.
Fumigation is required for the following species shipping to British Columbia only:

  • Pyrus
  • Malus
  • Prunus
  • Crataegus
  • Cydonia

Since Methyl Bromide can be very expensive and extremely hard to obtain we try to combine several orders and fumigate just once a month during our shipping season. There is a $50.00 charge for fumigation. If you are picking your order up and clearing the border yourself you can clear your own plants and save yourself the cost of brokerage fees. You must have a broker if you are having your nursery stock shipped to you. Please advise us of who your broker is and their phone and fax number.

Hardy Plants for Tough Conditions

Plants for dificult sites need many characteristics for tolerance, resistance or hardiness. Cold, wind, drought, rapid temperature variation and soil conditions are all part of the formula for success of a species. The list below includes tough plants that can thrive in these difficult conditions.

Common Name Scientific Name Zone Height Description
Rocky Mtn Juniper Juniperus scopulorum
4
30'
native to dry, rocky areas in the western U.S.
Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana
3
75'
' native east of the Rocky Mountains, tolerant of variable soil pH, poor soils
Norway Spruce Picea abies
2
10-150'
fast grower, native to European mountains and valleys
Colorado Blue Spruce Picea pungens glauca
2
60-100'
adaptable to soil types, tolerates drought and some alkalinity
Jack Pine Pinus banksiana
2
50-70'
grows in the poorest of soils, extremely cold tolerant, native range extends into the Artic
Rocky Mountain Pinus contorta latifolia
4
75'
tolerant of poor sites and cold climates, native to northwest U.S. and Lodgepole Pine Canada, typically above 1600' in elevation
Dwarf Mugo Pine ‘Abruzzi-Maiella’ Pinus mugo pumilo
2
3-6'
useful dwarf conifer, transplants easily, species native to Europe
Austrian Pine Pinus nigra
4
150'
fast grower, tolerates heavy clay and alkaline soils, heat tolerant, native to Europe
Western Yellow Pine Pine Pinus ponderosa
4
200'
native to western U.S., north to Canada, south into Mexico, tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions
Black Hills
Ponderosa Pine
Pinus ponderosa scopulorum
4
150'
native to South Dakota, offers great tolerance to dry, harsh climates
Eastern White Pine Pinus strobus
4
100-150'
eastern U.S. native, tolerant of extreme growing conditions - wet to dry
Scotch Pine Pinus sylvestris
2-5
60'
prefers acidic soils, will grow in most any well-drained soil, wide native range
Broadleaf Trees
Manitoba Maple Acer negundo
2
70'
fast growing, native to the Great Plains and Prairies, resistant to soil compaction*
Norway Maple Acer platanoides
3
70'
tolerant to extreme soil conditions including clay and urban pollution
Common Hackberry Celtis occidentalis
2
50'+
native to eastern U.S., Great Plains and southern Canada, wet to dry alkaline tolerant*
Russian Olive Elaeagnus angustifolia
2
25'
extremely drought tolerant, good choice in extremely cold, dry sites
Green Ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica
2
60'
native species with great adaptability to poor soil conditions
Honey locust Gleditsia tricanthos
4
50'
native to central U.S., suited to dry urban sites as well as resistant to mine spoils*
Apples, Crabapples Malus spp.
2-4
15-50'
wildlife use, bloom, many resistant to mine spoils, windbreaks
Cottonwoods, Poplars Populus spp.
2-4
60'+
growth rate related to water availability, native Eastern Poplar and cultivars
American Plum Prunus americana
3
25'+
fast growing, prefers droughty conditions, resistant to mine spoils
Black Cherry Prunus serotina
3
70'
eastern U.S. and Canada native, excellent wildlife food
Burr Oak Quercus macrocarpa
3
80'
native to the Plains and Prairies, high wildlife value, resistant to salt and ozone
Black Locust Robinia pseudoacacia
3
50'
very tough! adapted to wide range of pH, very fast growth rate, U.S. native
Shrubs
Amur Maple Acer ginnala
3
20'
sidely adaptable in soil and pH, extremely hardy, red fall color
Serviceberry Amelanchier species
3-4
10'
native to U.S. and Canada, fruit provides wildlife and human food, attractive spring bloom
Pea Shrub Caragana spp
2-3
3-18'
fast growth, extreme tolerance to cold or drought conditions
Cotoneaster Cotoneaster spp.
3-5
6-12'
excellent tough hedge plant, excellent fall color
Hawthorn Crataegus spp.
3-5
15-30'
several native species in U.S. and Canada, song birds feed on fruit
Sea Buckthorn Hippophae rhamnoides
3
30'
hedge plant, tolerant of salt, infertile soils and drought
Common Privet Ligustrum vulgare
4
15'
drought tolerant hedge material showy red fruit, white blooms
Tatarian Honeysuckle Lonicera tatarica
4
10'
extremely tolerant of windy, dry sites, provides wildlife food
Bush Cinquefoil Potentilla fruticosa
2
4'
North American native, resistant to most conditions except shade, alkaline soils
Sand Cherry Prunus besseyi
3
7'
native to the Plains and Prairies, fruit for wildlife and human food
Nanking Cherry Prunus tomentosa
2
10'
extremely hardy, red fruit for jam or wildlife, attractive in mid-summer
Common Chokecherry Prunus virginiana
2
25'
excellent wildlife species, fast growth, widely adaptable native in most of U.S. and Canada
Skunkbush, Oakleaf Sumac Rhus trilobata
2
4'
one of many Sumac for restoration or bank stabilization
Golden Currant Ribes aureum
2
6'
native to western U.S., fruit for wildlife, golden bloom, red fall color
Shrub Roses Rosa spp.
2-4
3-10'
selected species and varieties handle extreme conditions with style
Silver Buffaloberry Shepherdia argentea
2
6'
native Plains and Prairies, long-lived, nitrogen fixing
Lilacs Syringa spp.
2-5
9-30'
drought tolerant, ornamental bloom, survies neglect
Snowberry Symphoricarpos alba
3
3-4'
northern U.S. and Canada, fast growing shade tolerant
American Cranberry Bush Viburnum trilobum
2
12'
this and other Viburnums are high value for wildlife and well adapted to poor soils
*Suitabilty for site needs to reviewed for local conditions
Acer negundo (Manitoba Maple)
Malus Royalty (Royalty Crabapple)
Pinus mugo pumilo (Dwarf Mugo Pine)
Potentilla Dakota Goldrush® (Dakota Goldrush® Potentilla)
Quercus macrocarpa (Burr Oak)